cocoqi

1.更新源
  yum update
2.安装nginx
  yum install nginx
3.启动nginx
  service nginx start
4.访问http://你的ip

  如果想配置域名,见最下面。

5.安装mysql:

安装mysql源 yum localinstall http://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el7-7.noarch.rpm
安装: yum install mysql mysql-server
启动: /etc/init.d/mysqld start 或者 service mysqld restart

重置密码:mysql -u root -p
几率报错 Can\'t connect to local MySQL server through socket \'/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock\' (2)
原因:权限问题
解决: sudo chown -R root:root /var/lib/mysql (两个root都可以改为拥有者,但是需要保持一致)
重启服务
service mysqld restart

登陆mysql
mysql -u root -p //按回车直接可以登陆,刚安装完mysql是没有密码的
修改mysql密码

  use mysql;
  低版本修改:update user set password=password(\'你的密码\') where user=\'root\';

  高版本修改:update user set authentication_string = password(\'你的密码\'), password_expired = \'N\', password_last_changed = now() where user = \'root\';
        alter user \'root\'@\'localhost\' identified by \'你的密码\';
  如果说密码强度不够,可以查看密码级别:SHOW VARIABLES LIKE "%password%";
  然后设置为低级别:SET GLOBAL validate_password_policy=0;
  最后退出;
  exit;
  重启 service mysqld restart
  允许远程访问
  1.必要时加入以下命令行,为root添加远程连接的能力。链接密码为\'你的密码\'
    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO \'root\'@\'%\' IDENTIFIED BY \'你的密码\' WITH GRANT OPTION;
    FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

  2.打开my.cnf文件
    添加一行 bind-address=0.0.0.0
  3.重启mysql

6.安装php
  yum install php php-devel //php5.6版本
  如果想安装7.3
  首先安装 EPEL 源
  1.yum install epel-release //安装 EPEL 源
  2.yum install http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm //安装 REMI 源
  3.yum install -y php73-php-fpm php73-php-cli php73-php-bcmath php73-php-gd php73-php-json php73-php-mbstring php73-php-mcrypt php73-php-mysqlnd php73-php-opcache php73-php-pdo php73-php-pecl-crypto php73-php-pecl-mcrypt php73-php-pecl-geoip php73-php-recode php73-php-snmp php73-php-soap php73-php-xml

  4.PHP的安装目录/etc/opt/remi/php73/ php.ini也在里面
    找到php.ini 里面fix_pathinfo 修改成0 但是不能看phpinfo();

    操作
    systemctl restart php73-php-fpm #重启
    systemctl start php73-php-fpm #启动
    systemctl stop php73-php-fpm #关闭
    systemctl status php73-php-fpm #检查状态

7.最后在yum update 更新php资源 方便以后更新扩展用

8.安装composer
  curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php73
  mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer
  这样输入composer会报错 :/usr/bin/env: php: No such file or directory
  解决方法
  cd usr/bin
  cp php73 php
  在输入composer就好了

  更改镜像为阿里云:composer config -g repo.packagist composer https://mirrors.aliyun.com/composer/

9.安装git
  yum -y install git

10.下载laravel框架
  composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel 项目名称 "6.*"

  composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laravelxs "6.*"

  修改composer文件。
  cd /root/.config/composer/
  vi auth.json

  {
    "bitbucket-oauth": {},
    "github-oauth": {},
    "gitlab-oauth": {},
    "gitlab-token": {
      "github.com": "在git上生成的token"
    },
    "http-basic": {},
    "bearer": {}
  }
  添加
  "github.com": "在git上生成的token"

 11.nginx域名的配置

  创建文件:域名.conf 

  里面的内容:

server{
  listen 80;
  server_name 你的域名;
  access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;
  error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
  index index.html index.htm index.php;
  root  你的项目目录;

  location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;
  }

  location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
  {
    #fastcgi_pass unix:/dev/shm/php-cgi.sock;
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    fastcgi_connect_timeout 180;
    fastcgi_read_timeout 600;
    fastcgi_send_timeout 600;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^((?U).+\.php)(/?.+)$;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
    fastcgi_param PATH_TRANSLATED $document_root$fastcgi_path_info;
    include fastcgi_params;

  }

  location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
  {
    expires 30d;
  }

  location ~ .*\.(html|htm|js|css)?$
  {
    expires 8h;
  }
}

 

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