strengthen

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This is a follow up of Shortest Word Distance. The only difference is now you are given the list of words and your method will be called repeatedly many times with different parameters. How would you optimize it?

Design a class which receives a list of words in the constructor, and implements a method that takes two words word1 and word2 and return the shortest distance between these two words in the list.

For example,
Assume that words = ["practice", "makes", "perfect", "coding", "makes"].

Given word1 = “coding”word2 = “practice”, return 3.
Given word1 = "makes"word2 = "coding", return 1.

Note:
You may assume that word1 does not equal to word2, and word1 and word2 are both in the list.


这是最短单词距离的后续行动。唯一的区别是,现在您得到了单词列表,并且您的方法将使用不同的参数重复调用多次。您将如何优化它?

设计一个类,该类接收构造函数中的单词列表,并实现一个方法,该方法接受单词1和单词2,并返回列表中这两个单词之间的最短距离。

例如,

假设words=[“practice”、“makes”、“perfect”、“coding”、“makes”]。

给定word1=“coding”,word2=“practice”,返回3。

给定word1=“makes”,word2=“coding”,返回1。

注:

您可以假定word1不等于word2,word1和word2都在列表中。


 1 class WordDistance {
 2     var m:[String:[Int]] = [String:[Int]]()
 3     init(_ words: [String]) {
 4         // perform some initialization here
 5         for i in 0..<words.count
 6         {
 7             //判断是否为空
 8             if m[words[i]] == nil
 9             {
10                 m[words[i]] = [Int]()
11             }
12             m[words[i]]!.append(i)
13         }
14     }
15     
16     func shortest(_ word1:String,_ word2:String) -> Int {
17         var i:Int = 0
18         var j:Int = 0
19         var res:Int = Int.max
20         while(i < m[word1]!.count && j < m[word2]!.count)
21         {
22             res = min(res, abs(m[word1]![i] - m[word2]![j]))
23             if m[word1]![i] < m[word2]![j]
24             {
25                 i += 1
26             }
27             else
28             {
29                 j += 1
30             }
31         }
32         return res
33     }
34 }

 

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