faith007

一、所需环境

  • wiindows10以上
  • python3.6以上
  • httprunner3.1.6(最新版本)
  • pycharm社区版

二、安装httprunner

1、卸载旧版本

卸载之前版本的命令为:pip3 uninstall httprunner

2、安装新版本

默认安装方式

pip3 install httprunner

以这种方式是默认安装最新版本的,并且是从国外服务器下载,但是偶尔会出现报错或者超时的情况,因此一般采用国内镜像安装,这里采用国内豆瓣源镜像安装。
一般安装命令:

pip3 install httprunner==3.1.6 -i https://pypi.douban.com/simple

此种方式是指定安装版本和安装源
安装完成后如下显示,表示安装成功

点击查看代码
C:\Users\fsy>pip3 install httprunner==3.1.6 -i https://pypi.douban.com/simple
Looking in indexes: https://pypi.douban.com/simple
Collecting httprunner==3.1.6
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/e4/2f/25011310f2f13f55de18845435f62b0ae16fbb69500885c268705ef42ee2/httprunner-3.1.6-py3-none-any.whl (60 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 60 kB 549 kB/s
Collecting requests<3.0.0,>=2.22.0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/2d/61/08076519c80041bc0ffa1a8af0cbd3bf3e2b62af10435d269a9d0f40564d/requests-2.27.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl (63 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 63 kB 584 kB/s
Collecting jmespath<0.10.0,>=0.9.5
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/a3/43/1e939e1fcd87b827fe192d0c9fc25b48c5b3368902bfb913de7754b0dc03/jmespath-0.9.5-py2.py3-none-any.whl (24 kB)
Collecting pytest<6.0.0,>=5.4.2
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/9f/f3/0a83558da436a081344aa6c8b85ea5b5f05071214106036ce341b7769b0b/pytest-5.4.3-py3-none-any.whl (248 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 248 kB 819 kB/s
Collecting sentry-sdk<0.15.0,>=0.14.4
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/1b/95/9a20eebcedab2c1c63fad59fe19a0469edfc2a25b8576497e8084629c2ff/sentry_sdk-0.14.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl (104 kB)
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Collecting black<20.0,>=19.10b0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/fd/bb/ad34bbc93d1bea3de086d7c59e528d4a503ac8fe318bd1fa48605584c3d2/black-19.10b0-py36-none-any.whl (97 kB)
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Collecting pytest-html<3.0.0,>=2.1.1
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/00/a7/34f195c514d39b4453619b3eb284989e5adb09a2a68ac09ce3779f9b9478/pytest_html-2.1.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl (16 kB)
Collecting pyyaml<6.0.0,>=5.1.2
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/97/d3/24097209f6af04fcdbb40500480a0feaa62164e60bca4c9532f0e9354e47/PyYAML-5.4.1-cp38-cp38-win_amd64.whl (213 kB)
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Collecting loguru<0.5.0,>=0.4.1
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/b2/f4/2c8b94025c6e30bdb331c7ee628dc152771845aedff35f0365c2a4dacd42/loguru-0.4.1-py3-none-any.whl (54 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 54 kB 331 kB/s
Collecting jinja2<3.0.0,>=2.10.3
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/7e/c2/1eece8c95ddbc9b1aeb64f5783a9e07a286de42191b7204d67b7496ddf35/Jinja2-2.11.3-py2.py3-none-any.whl (125 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 125 kB 819 kB/s
Collecting pydantic<2.0,>=1.4
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/5f/ca/ec4b2597b7ace79a05300a2e7eff8713b55745312b2acc89f74bf73f8dfc/pydantic-1.9.0-cp38-cp38-win_amd64.whl (2.1 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 2.1 MB 1.3 MB/s
Collecting Brotli<2.0.0,>=1.0.9
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/63/29/1b104b5915e61d9f7443889657d93937b7e0b33b331609b82693547934a0/Brotli-1.0.9-cp38-cp38-win_amd64.whl (365 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 365 kB 6.8 MB/s
Collecting attrs>=18.1.0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/be/be/7abce643bfdf8ca01c48afa2ddf8308c2308b0c3b239a44e57d020afa0ef/attrs-21.4.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (60 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 60 kB 952 kB/s
Collecting typed-ast>=1.4.0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/93/6a/1b01a1864854fd6ed63e0e0649a9c1e4ef1425e417c43e7b09c0e4e7fdac/typed_ast-1.5.1-cp38-cp38-win_amd64.whl (164 kB)
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Collecting click>=6.5
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/48/58/c8aa6a8e62cc75f39fee1092c45d6b6ba684122697d7ce7d53f64f98a129/click-8.0.3-py3-none-any.whl (97 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 97 kB 3.2 MB/s
Collecting appdirs
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/3b/00/2344469e2084fb287c2e0b57b72910309874c3245463acd6cf5e3db69324/appdirs-1.4.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl (9.6 kB)
Collecting regex
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/e2/b1/b1d30513d3638e1e48cdfa5857a0e9c92ec7d19c0641836d0b49c4d00cac/regex-2021.11.10-cp38-cp38-win_amd64.whl (273 kB)
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Collecting toml>=0.9.4
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/44/6f/7120676b6d73228c96e17f1f794d8ab046fc910d781c8d151120c3f1569e/toml-0.10.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl (16 kB)
Collecting pathspec<1,>=0.6
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/42/ba/a9d64c7bcbc7e3e8e5f93a52721b377e994c22d16196e2b0f1236774353a/pathspec-0.9.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (31 kB)
Collecting colorama
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/44/98/5b86278fbbf250d239ae0ecb724f8572af1c91f4a11edf4d36a206189440/colorama-0.4.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl (16 kB)
Collecting MarkupSafe>=0.23
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/30/9e/4b7116f464a0151b86ce42b5185941eb74c207b38fe033f71f5e5d150356/MarkupSafe-2.0.1-cp38-cp38-win_amd64.whl (14 kB)
Collecting win32-setctime>=1.0.0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/37/6a/a498698d31626f32eae2c3bd1f1c303c6b3d54589b2993e9e05a4cd513dd/win32_setctime-1.0.4-py3-none-any.whl (3.5 kB)
Collecting typing-extensions>=3.7.4.3
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/05/e4/baf0031e39cf545f0c9edd5b1a2ea12609b7fcba2d58e118b11753d68cf0/typing_extensions-4.0.1-py3-none-any.whl (22 kB)
Collecting wcwidth
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/59/7c/e39aca596badaf1b78e8f547c807b04dae603a433d3e7a7e04d67f2ef3e5/wcwidth-0.2.5-py2.py3-none-any.whl (30 kB)
Collecting pluggy<1.0,>=0.12
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/a0/28/85c7aa31b80d150b772fbe4a229487bc6644da9ccb7e427dd8cc60cb8a62/pluggy-0.13.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl (18 kB)
Collecting atomicwrites>=1.0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/2c/a0/da5f49008ec6e9a658dbf5d7310a4debd397bce0b4db03cf8a410066bb87/atomicwrites-1.4.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (6.8 kB)
Collecting packaging
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/05/8e/8de486cbd03baba4deef4142bd643a3e7bbe954a784dc1bb17142572d127/packaging-21.3-py3-none-any.whl (40 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 40 kB 2.7 MB/s
Collecting more-itertools>=4.0.0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/e5/c3/48e2c81038f57e8caab9a6e6fb6c2fc23536c59b092abefc447e6b5d1903/more_itertools-8.12.0-py3-none-any.whl (54 kB)
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Collecting py>=1.5.0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/f6/f0/10642828a8dfb741e5f3fbaac830550a518a775c7fff6f04a007259b0548/py-1.11.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (98 kB)
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Collecting pytest-metadata
  Using cached https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/e5/12/bfb677aad996cc994efb9c61289a4994d60079587e85155738859fd3b68e/pytest_metadata-1.11.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (10 kB)
Collecting idna<4,>=2.5
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/04/a2/d918dcd22354d8958fe113e1a3630137e0fc8b44859ade3063982eacd2a4/idna-3.3-py3-none-any.whl (61 kB)
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Collecting urllib3<1.27,>=1.21.1
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/4e/b8/f5a25b22e803f0578e668daa33ba3701bb37858ec80e08a150bd7d2cf1b1/urllib3-1.26.8-py2.py3-none-any.whl (138 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 138 kB 6.8 MB/s
Collecting charset-normalizer~=2.0.0
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/84/3e/1037abe6498e65d645ce7a22d3402605d49a3b2c7f20c3abb027760da4f0/charset_normalizer-2.0.10-py3-none-any.whl (39 kB)
Collecting certifi>=2017.4.17
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/37/45/946c02767aabb873146011e665728b680884cd8fe70dde973c640e45b775/certifi-2021.10.8-py2.py3-none-any.whl (149 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 149 kB 3.2 MB/s
Collecting pyparsing!=3.0.5,>=2.0.2
  Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/a0/34/895006117f6fce0b4de045c87e154ee4a20c68ec0a4c9a36d900888fb6bc/pyparsing-3.0.6-py3-none-any.whl (97 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 97 kB 1.7 MB/s
Installing collected packages: pyparsing, wcwidth, py, pluggy, packaging, more-itertools, colorama, attrs, atomicwrites, pytest, win32-setctime, urllib3, typing-extensions, typed-ast, toml, regex, pytest-metadata, pathspec, MarkupSafe, idna, click, charset-normalizer, certifi, appdirs, sentry-sdk, requests, pyyaml, pytest-html, pydantic, loguru, jmespath, jinja2, Brotli, black, httprunner
Successfully installed Brotli-1.0.9 MarkupSafe-2.0.1 appdirs-1.4.4 atomicwrites-1.4.0 attrs-21.4.0 black-19.10b0 certifi-2021.10.8 charset-normalizer-2.0.10 click-8.0.3 colorama-0.4.4 httprunner-3.1.6 idna-3.3 jinja2-2.11.3 jmespath-0.9.5 loguru-0.4.1 more-itertools-8.12.0 packaging-21.3 pathspec-0.9.0 pluggy-0.13.1 py-1.11.0 pydantic-1.9.0 pyparsing-3.0.6 pytest-5.4.3 pytest-html-2.1.1 pytest-metadata-1.11.0 pyyaml-5.4.1 regex-2021.11.10 requests-2.27.1 sentry-sdk-0.14.4 toml-0.10.2 typed-ast-1.5.1 typing-extensions-4.0.1 urllib3-1.26.8 wcwidth-0.2.5 win32-setctime-1.0.4

3、查看版本号

hrun命令查看安装的httprunner版本号,或者用命令httprunner,效果是一样的

C:\Users\fsy>hrun -V
3.1.6
C:\Users\fsy>httprunner -V
3.1.6

至此,httprunner已经安装成功,安装成功后,httprunner会自动生成几个重要的命令,通过-h查看命令

C:\Users\fsy>httprunner -h
usage: httprunner [-h] [-V] {run,startproject,har2case,make} ...

One-stop solution for HTTP(S) testing.

positional arguments:
  {run,startproject,har2case,make}
                        sub-command help
    run                 Make HttpRunner testcases and run with pytest.
    startproject        Create a new project with template structure.
    har2case            Convert HAR(HTTP Archive) to YAML/JSON testcases for HttpRunner.
    make                Convert YAML/JSON testcases to pytest cases.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -V, --version         show version

可以看到生成了4个命令,分别是

  • run:运行测试用例的命令
  • startproject:创建测试模板项目的命令
  • har2case:将fiddler或者charles导出的文件转化成py文件的命令
  • make:将yaml文件的测试用例或者json文件的测试用例转化成pytest测试用例

三、创建项目

1、用命令startproject创建一个模板项目,进入到对应的目录下面,执行命令

D:\httprunnerStudy>httprunner startproject httprunner_demo
2022-01-09 13:25:30.189 | INFO     | httprunner.scaffold:create_scaffold:43 - Create new project: httprunner_demo
Project Root Dir: D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo

created folder: httprunner_demo
created folder: httprunner_demo\har
created folder: httprunner_demo\testcases
created folder: httprunner_demo\reports
created file: httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_request.yml
created file: httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_ref.yml
created file: httprunner_demo\debugtalk.py
created file: httprunner_demo\.env
created file: httprunner_demo\.gitignore

$ tree httprunner_demo -a
2022-01-09 13:25:30.205 | WARNING  | httprunner.scaffold:show_tree:29 - tree command not exists, ignore.
Sentry is attempting to send 0 pending error messages
Waiting up to 2 seconds
Press Ctrl-Break to quit

从日志信息可以看到已经成功创建了一个项目,通过pycahrm打开创建的项目,看到项目结构如下

其中包含两个yml文件,这两个yml文件是官方给的示例,实际使用的时候可以删除掉,执行其中一个yml测试用例

 D:\httprunnerStudy> hrun D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_ref.yml
2022-01-09 13:31:48.546 | INFO     | httprunner.make:__make:512 - make path: D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_ref.yml
2022-01-09 13:31:48.556 | INFO     | httprunner.compat:ensure_testcase_v3:219 - ensure compatibility with testcase format v2
2022-01-09 13:31:48.561 | INFO     | httprunner.loader:load_dot_env_file:127 - Loading environment variables from D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\.env
2022-01-09 13:31:48.566 | DEBUG    | httprunner.utils:set_os_environ:33 - Set OS environment variable: USERNAME
2022-01-09 13:31:48.566 | DEBUG    | httprunner.utils:set_os_environ:33 - Set OS environment variable: PASSWORD
2022-01-09 13:31:48.566 | INFO     | httprunner.make:make_testcase:349 - start to make testcase: D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_ref.yml
2022-01-09 13:31:48.586 | INFO     | httprunner.compat:ensure_testcase_v3:219 - ensure compatibility with testcase format v2
2022-01-09 13:31:48.586 | INFO     | httprunner.make:make_testcase:349 - start to make testcase: D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_request.yml
2022-01-09 13:31:48.586 | INFO     | httprunner.make:make_testcase:442 - generated testcase: D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_request_test.py
2022-01-09 13:31:48.596 | INFO     | httprunner.make:make_testcase:442 - generated testcase: D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcas2022-01-09 13:31:48.596 | INFO     | httprunner.make:format_pytest_with_black:170 - format pytest cases with black ...
reformatted D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_ref_test.py
reformatted D:\httprunnerStudy\httprunner_demo\testcases\demo_testcase_request_test.py
All done! ✨             
                

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